Step 1: Connect to your Amazon Linux Instance To get started, you need to connect to your Amazon Linux instance via SSH. Open a terminal window and type the following command:
Replace “your-instance-public-ip” with the public IP address of your Amazon Linux instance.
Step 2: Update the Package Repository Before installing Apache and PHP, it’s a good practice to update the package repository on your Amazon Linux instance. To do this, run the following command:
sudo dnf update -y
This will update all the packages on your instance to the latest version.
Step 3: Install Apache and PHP Next, we need to install Apache and PHP on Amazon Linux 2023. To do this, run the following command:
sudo dnf install httpd mod_ssl php php-mysqlnd -y
This command will install Apache, PHP, and the PHP MySQL extension, which is required to connect to a MySQL database.
Step 4: Start Apache Once the installation is complete, start the Apache service using the following command:
sudo systemctl start httpd
This command will start the Apache service on your Amazon Linux instance.
Step 5: Verify Apache Installation To verify that Apache is installed and running correctly, use the following command to check the status of the Apache service:
sudo systemctl status httpd
If Apache is running correctly, you will see output similar to the following:
● httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-04-28 14:29:09 UTC; 1 day 8h ago
Main PID: 30676 (httpd)
├─30676 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
├─30677 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
├─30678 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
├─30679 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
├─30680 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
└─30681 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
Step 6: Enable Apache at Boot To ensure that Apache starts automatically when your Amazon Linux instance boots up, use the following command:
sudo systemctl enable httpd
This command will enable Apache to start automatically when your instance starts up.
Step 7: Test PHP To test that PHP is installed and working correctly, create a PHP test file in the Apache document root directory using the following command:
sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php
Add the following code to the file:
Save and close the file.
Step 8: Test the PHP Test File Open a web browser and navigate to your Amazon Linux instance’s public IP address followed by
/info.php. For example, if your instance’s public IP address is
http://220.127.116.11/info.php in your web browser’s address bar.
If everything is working correctly, you should see a page with information about your PHP installation.
To install an SSL certificate use Letsencrypt. To do that, first, install Certbot
sudo dnf install python3 augeas-libs
Then Set up a Python virtual environment
sudo python3 -m venv /opt/certbot/
sudo /opt/certbot/bin/pip install --upgrade pip
Run this command on the command line on the machine to install Certbot.
sudo /opt/certbot/bin/pip install certbot certbot-apache
Execute the following instruction on the command line on the machine to ensure that the certbot command can be run.
sudo ln -s /opt/certbot/bin/certbot /usr/bin/certbot
Run this command to get a certificate and have Certbot edit your nginx configuration automatically to serve it, turning on HTTPS access in a single step.
sudo certbot --apache
That’s it! You have successfully installed Apache and PHP on Amazon Linux 2023. You can now use Apache and PHP to host websites and web applications on your Amazon Linux instance.